Interaction between plants growing together from germination to 2 years: A test of competition and phylogenetic closeness for Northeastern Mexico
Keywords:phylogeny, seed mass, seedling, shoot/root ratio, Tamaulipan thornscrub
Competition and facilitation are important factors affecting seedling survival. These factors probably affect plant distribution and abundance. Interactions between species relate to phylogeny, in that closely related species are likely to compete more for resources and facilitation is expected between more distantly related species. We tested for Tamaulipan thornscrub plants, grown with close and distant relatives if they differed in survival, length and weight of shoots and roots, assuming that closely related species would compete more than distant ones. We also explored whether seed mass was associated with plant size from 1-24 months after germination. We grew plants from Tamaulipan thornscrub, with a sibling or with one individual from other species from 1-24 months. Seedling survival was similar for all species when their seedlings grew alone or under competition, at 1, 6 and 12 months. At 24 months seedling survival of Vachellia farnesiana was lower when grown with Havardia pallens. There was no evidence of stronger competition or facilitation for phylogenetically closer species. Seedling size correlated with seed mass one month after germination but not after 6 months. Maximum and mean adult plant height did not correlate with seed mass or with plant height in our trials. We found no evidence of phylogeny explaining nearest neighbors in competition during germination for Tamaulipan thornscrub.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Enrique Jurado, Joel Flores, Jonathan Marroquín, Marisela Pando-Moreno, David Alberto Rodríguez-Trapero, Humberto González-Rodríguez, José Alejandro Selvera-Mancha, Juan Ángel López-Carmona
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